Sunday, March 27, 2022


The Doer


The Bhagavan Gita notably advises that we give up the "fruits of Action." Sri Bhagavan Ramana Maharshi in Talks is said to have identified as a primary illusion the concept the one is the "Doer" as if such were equivalent to mis-identification  with the Body.  Other Enlish translations include "performer" or even "" Indeed, the Body is inert flesh until and unless it is thought to be "doing" something as the agent of  Cause and Effect within the "multiplicity" of Space and Time.


From the duality and further multiplicity inherent in the Subject-Object relationship, through the detailed Causality or Agency or Doer-ship, these relationships highlight the role of the Body as the token signpost of the Doer with a physical structure by which to exact physical Effect in a perceived and conceived "real" World.  Furthermore of course, the Body stands in as the particularized and isolated "subject" that symbolizes the supposed Doer.  Referring the action itself, the term Karma includes, "as a unit" we have said, the inherent consequences of any given action, "good" or "bad" according to our preferences. 


But since one is NOT the Body, one cannot truly be a Doer in the above sense.  And since Reality id singular and undifferentiated, there is no substantial reality to the momentary events that seem to describe the "action" anyway.  In fact, to use one illusion to describe another (in a "relative" but not Absolute manner), we discover no individual Ego to be the subject, and not individual thing or situation to be the object of any act of "doing".  Without doing where is no basis for merit or blame, for success or failure. 


Without obsessing overly much on these subsidiary details, we nevertheless can be assured that all this serves as yet another basis for useful Detachment and the Ego-diminishing remedy of relinquishing the good and ill results of apparent "action".  Forgo these needless preoccupations with illusory "Doer-ship" a primary supporting concept for the Ego, which in itself is the essence of apparent nonRealization.

The Body

What is the nature of the Body and our mental content regarding it ?  What is the nature of the DreamBody and our mental content regarding it ?  What is the nature of the DreamBody in our nightly Dream or waking DayDream, memory, imagination, visualization, and so on ?  For all the latter thought of course, and so it is for the  "ordinary" WakingDream "physical"  Body.  Those Sense thoughts known as Perceptions make up the World and everything in it, including the Body.  When a nightly Dream ends it is soon followed by Deep Dreamless Sleep, or else, another Dream or another Waking–Dream.  The latter thought-process is called reincarnation, thought it also is, no more, no less.

Taken on its own supposed terms, the Waking–Dream "physical" Body is composed of quadrillions of human and bacterial cells, some regulated by quadrillions of interconnected nerves.  Yet the apparent "experience" is unfailingly "singular" never multiple, at least for a "sane" person.  How thought links with passiveexperience, voluntary action, and so on all that remains a great mystery when it comes to minute details and causality. even timings.  Sometimes, thought about a sensation has been shown to sometimes "precede" the event. 

hat are the ramifications of mis-identification with a Body ?  For one, there is the specific, limiting location of oneself in Time and Space.  Mortality, pain, suffering, hopes and fears, and all such derive from this mis-identification with a Body.  Oscillating between the polar extremes of Pleasure and Pain, the Body is the Body is the "physical" symbol, the game-board token for the individual Mind with is centerOrigin known as Ego.  If there were a Purgatory or Hell, this Body mis-identification could be said to be just that except never "eternally".  Individuality is the illusory separation from God, from Brahman, the Non-Dual Absolute Reality. 

Individuality limits Love and Joy, introduces doubt and fear, and so on.  However it may or not be admires by "others" or oneself, the Body could always be better, is never perfect, and being mortal is destined for pain and death.  We shake off such mis-identification what may arise from nightly Dream, and do well to liberate ourselves similarly in the Waking–Dream.  How could this vast community of  human and bacterial cells. fluid chambers and structures, unfailingly yield normally a "singular" experience at ever turn. 

Within the wakingWorld Dream, we read that the Christian Church "legislated" away the thencommon doctrine of Reincarnation in the church councils of the early centuries.  Most developed cultures likewise held to that understanding if life and death.  Fear of such repeated trials and suffering were not usually the "leniency" feared by the Church and rulers such as Constantine, but instead Reincarnation was scarier than final Death.  As for "resurrection of the body" (despite fire, explosion, torn flesh, devouring animals, and so on) was too bizarre to merit further comment, much like "eternal hell" being stipulated by and all-loving Creator.

Remain detached enjoyments and sufferings of the Body, its believed mortality, the alienation and fear of others, and so on.  Discriminate through Sri Bhagavan Ramana Maharshi's meditation of Self-Inquiry, surrender personal concern, and follow the Guru's guidance to Liberation from ignorance.  Pride and shame, desire and aversion, and all body-bound imagination is to be forsaken and/or surrendered to God and that Guru.  One's true Self appears in the Waking–Dream, and sometimes nightly Dream, as the Guru.  Such is God's Grace for all who strive for sincere wisdom and detachment.




When progressing on the spiritual path: "How-does-it-feel ?"  Well first it might be acknowledged that the one that is found to be the appropriate Guru for oneself may often seem very extraordinary even in ways that are common enough, such as in being articulate, charismatic, and so on.  But strictly speaking, he/she may not see so, at least of first.  The wonderful essence of the Guru is "not of this world" as might be familiar as biblical phrase.  But he/she may not seem so at least of first.  The Guru's role may not include being especially informative in many way, entertaining, fascinating, and exhibiting characteristics of that sort.  The Guru's role is to be the Truth, and guide you to the same.


In a somewhat similar way, analogous clarifications likewise apply to the spiritual aspirant.  We can expect to experience a growing Peace, and the same Peace would be apparent in the Guru.  Happiness likewise blossom in oneself and in one's vision of the Guru. Early on, we may or may not be faced with all the Guru's Bliss, or come to find out superlative abilities in meditative Samadhi, and other "yogic" arts.  But perhaps not, at least of first. Humility that under girds gratitude for "God's Grace" is more conducive to spiritual progress that would any hankering for entertainment, special attention, "yogic" skills, ir any such "reward", at least of first. What is more important, what is essential is that the Guru points us to the True Self, Atman; to Absolute Reality, Brahman, both being the same, all this being what we are.


How we "feel" in Body, or even in Mind, at least of first is no so relevant as our faith in The Guru's instruction, once inexplicably convinced of the Guru's authenticity.  For the Body to feel good, to function well is fine, but is not ours to demand.  For the Mind to feel good, to function well is fine, but is not ours to demand.  Identification with these and in our experience in the World is ultimately Illusion, so it is not is these places that spiritual progress is first to be found.  Growing Freedom yes, but "tangible proof" may not be forthcoming. 


So then what might be the significance of initially great Bliss apparent in oneself and in the Guru ?  Any characteristic that is perceivable in oneself  or in the Guru, any such that partakes of Body, Mind, or World, all these are fundamentally prone to mistaken perception and illusion.  Body, Mind, and World are illusion and all patterns seen there are illusory, and "lawfully" determined by Karma.  Even the Guru role bestowed upon a small percentage of Enlightened Sages is a "destiny" much akin to Karma.  So what is this Karma ?  A loose approximate hint here could be offered as follows.


In that "rewards" and "abilities" involve Body, Mind, and World, such are symbolic, but like less desirable Karma, these too are not of the nature of added-on rewards or punishments, not even "learning experiences".  Closer to a more useful understanding begins with noting the word "karma" originally means "action" (and "reaction").  We can imagine that even the waking-dream Illusion reveals certain patterns and "structure", rules and "laws" as such terms evolve in the progressing theories of Science. A "bad" act and its karmic "retribution" more validly constitute one 2-ply unit, each in themselves.  Every "reaction" is from the first part of the "action" not as a consequence so much as by being part of the same unit of dream structure.  I this sense we "levy" our own good and bad Karma in that the dream "reaction" is included as part of the dream-structure unit, right from the start.  Without taking the above or any similar rationale too seriously, the take-away point is the following.


All Sri Bhagavan Ramana Maharshi advised Detachment from the ups and downs of everyday life for such is only Karma in the sense discussed above.  Relax and live through it, keeping the focus on Self-Inquiry.  Then: "don't worry, be happy" like the Meher Baba phrase inspired reggae lyric. In the above sense of being inherent in our mundane life choices, Karma is unavoidable, and yet only a paper tiger, or tinsel reward. Meditate and self-liberate !  Focus on Self-Inquiry and not on the small ups and downs of Body, Mind, and World.  Furthermore, do not compare, do not envy, have no part in self-pity. Mundane life comes to an end but Liberation is Eternal, and I fact is a sure thing, and already accomplished fact.  Do not delay, but forsake anxiety and Attachment to results.


Similarly do not compare oneself to another, nor to the Guru. Like the Guru's special destiny, so too is the abundant Bliss often evident in the case of the Guru, that too is good Karma, out of his/her hands, and certainly yours.  Be grateful for the Guru and God's Grace, and don't worry, be happy.  Do not necessarily expect to match the Guru in Bliss and ability.  Sri Ramana specifically clarified this point, for such is Karma.  Complete your spiritual practice and let others, even the Guru, take care of theirs.  Never be discouraged only because your illusory Karma disappoints at the moment.  Devote oneself to the Gugu's Teaching and experience all the Freedom you already are.


It-is-so Sutra, part 2


Guidance from the Guru, as was mentioned before may be essential if one is to realize in this lifetimedream or reincarnation.  Of teacherSages who did so without a Guru, only a couple of women and a couple of men come to mind Buddha and Ramana, and then Anandamayi Ma and Brahmagna Ma.  One could start with hints found here, but search we must, forsaking near missed along the way, but search we must.  If one cannot see the Absolute Self, Atman, as oneself, one is helped by seeing it clearly in the Guru first.  Books, etc, can help but the Guru (you true self) can be found in this lifetimedream if we seek him/her and are fortuante enough to have evolved far enough to "try out" the surprising Teaching of Non-Duality.  Considering the minimal "risk" by any measure, and on the other hand, the limitless reward promised, it would seem logical to attempt the path to Enlightenment.  Aware that even well-meaning "false" teachers requires our discriminative faculties, so as to stay or try another, no imperfect experiment need be feared, for we grow through these experiences as well so long as we keep an open mind free of dogmatic acceptance or rejection.


As mentioned previously, it is only by "reference" to the Ego (0,0) Origin that any entity or principle takes on "relative" meaning for us.  Only Brahman is Absolute and knowable absolutely, and then only by the Brahman that you are.  In the case of physical Perception, and at time mental Concepts as well, the Body is the striking "relative" Reference Origin or reference point.  This holds all the way up to the World itself.  Likewise, "now" is the Origin for the passing Relative thoughts about Time, while "here" is the striking "relative" Reference Origin / reference point.  One layer deeper, we see the Body, Here, and Now to be Relative concepts in themselves. 


Applying any such Contemplation against reality for a World, and thereby the Body, the brain, other people and things may not succeed early in anyone's spiritual; practice, but whenever, if ever this is accomplished, can foster Self-Realization.  But dis-identification  with the Body is a must, dis-identification with the Mind is also necessary, while dis-identification with the Ego id Liberation. Turning inward to the source of the Ego and/or its "source" which is the true Non-Dual Self, Atman, leads to dis-identification with the Ego which is Enlightenment.  Such is the goal of the Self-Inquiry, "Who am I ?" and again, not just mantra-;ole repetition.  Such is Sri Ramana's prescription for Meditation, so long as Meditation continues as much as possible, all the time as it were.  As Descartes declared, only ones own Existence is certain. And all that is found in Self-Inquiry is the Non-Dual Consciousness that seems to "play host" to that Self-Inquiry and all thought processes. Bliss is ever the goal, I seek greater Happiness or the decrease of un-happiness in every thought and action.  This reveals the steady background goal for all thought, again our identity as Existence-Consciousness-Bliss, Brahman.  We seek Happiness in order to seek the Self.  Herein lies the clue that Love, which is Bliss as well, can launch s spiritual path, in terms of Devotion and Surrender to God and Guru.  And yet, Self-Knowledge is ever the final step, "Who am I ?" 


Awakening to Reality brings release of the fear of Death, and likewise Reincarnation for cultures that think in thise terms.  Even most Christians foresaw Reincarnation for the first few centuries before the great "councils" voted out that dogma in order to foster more immediate obedience to church and state, all by the same patriarchs who adopted the insane invention Eusebius, namely "eternal" Hell.  Many in the East fear no Hell, but only the Suffering of human life prolonged by Reincarnation.  But release of the Ego is also the release of Individuality, Objectivity, Reference, Suffering, the Body and Mind.  So how now to proceed ?  For Meditation, select books (or other media) can help, but remain open to finding the Guru, or vice versa. The Guru is one's True Self appearing in the dream-world.  But in the meantime, where to put initial emphasis: Self-Inquiry or Devotion/Surrender ?  Devotion to God is ever beneficial, and the Guru can guide one further.  Anyone can read about Self-Inquiry and get started.  Where should emphasis to placed?


One analogy-scenario by which seek and answer to the last question places one in a plane about to crash.  With minutes to live, where in one's heart would you find the intuition that chooses your last ditch Meditation, for this lifetime ?  Whatever direction spontaneously wins our trust is the same path: Self-Inquiry or DevotionSurrender, proceed with that one now, while free to let the other contribute along the way. 


In concluding for the moment, a few observations can be added to the prior Reference analogy for mediation on the unreality of the World, and thus the Body and Individuality.  As with release of the Ego-notion, trust in the wise Sages, trust in the Guru's Teaching can carry those meditations through to completion.  But to include with the Reference Meditation some historical context, it can be noted that Anglican Bishop George Berkeley reasoned out that thought-bound Sense experience alone cannot prove or even validly suggest a World.  Such Contemplation can support Meditation about the unreality of the World, and thus the Body and Individuality.  The Madhymika Buddist Nagarjuna had completed the same Contemplation through to Meditation as Consciousness and Realization.  The 20th  Century Sage, Krishna Menon, Sri Atmanda followed the same line of Meditation as found in the works of Shankara.  More academically, the philosophical implications of Quantum Mechanics and Relativity can in themselves spur initial Contemplation as to the unreality of the World, given that to be the "containing space" of the waking-dream, a dream whose structure seems to include some rules that Science seeks to understand and apply. 


Firstly, we can try to visualize and impossible-to-visualize size or dimension issues.  What we conceive as "atoms" are so small that we might first imagine hollowing out the Earth and stuffing it with grapes, for instance.  How man grapes would that be ?  (Buddhists and Taoists carried on this exercise with grains of sand.)  Atoms are small enough that about this same number of them make up some familiar structure, like a thumb for instance.  That many because they are so tiny.  Now take one atom to be a large sports stadium.  Note a candy wrapper in the middle of the field, and on that small paper place a pencil point dot.  That dot compares to the atom's nucleus, in size that is, but it contains 99.9% or more of the atom's mass.  Now scrutinize one of the nucleons, a proton or neutron.  Any one of those could be imagined as is a solar system in itself.  Now visualize our relatively tiny moon dwarfed within the size of that "solar system".  Three of these constitute the nucleon, as three quarks, again between them constituting all of the nucleon's mass so small is the atom and its central nucleus.  The "moon" can stand in, not only for each quark, but for any other lepton quantum particle such as any of the "orbiting" electrons.


Now lets direct a dilute stream of such tiny electrons through a "double slit" scattering equipment.  Experiments reveal those quantum particles to be non"solid" mathematical probability entities, wavefunctions.  These wavefunctions can be found to be in "two or more places" at the same time, and even to "sense" micro-events in the future, thus confounding all our everyday intuitions about a World of distinct objects in Space and Time.  Relativity furthermore denies the micro-causality-sequence of Cause / Effect. and of "ordinary" Time and Space.  For any spiritual practitioner inclined explore these apparent patterns, or the incredible vastness of the containing Universe, the possibility of the World being unreal may not be too far a leap of Contemplation.  Thereupon direct Self-Inquiry Meditation can continue to dis-identify from the Body, brain/Mind, and Individual Ego. 


With or without the other various Worlddenying Contemplations, one can harness humility to dis-identify from the Mind and Body,   and thereupon the Individual Ego, all my means of Self-Inquiry. Fathoming "Who am I ?" we turn inward from all objective Percept and Concept, to "know" Consciousness to be the sole Reality, the one True Self.  Experiencing a falling away of all the Objective, merge one's Being in that Consciousness.  "Mantras" can be utilized for initiation of Meditation by Devotion and Surrender to Brahman.  Some comparable "verbal cues" can similarly be "warm-ups" for Self-Inquiry.  Here we close with a few:


"I am not the Body, not the Ego-Mind, no Senses, no Prana (life-force). no World."

"No 'my' (World, Body, Mind, Ego)   One Self."

"Who am I ? Consciousness"

"Lose the 'reference', no World."

"To that Guru, again I bow."


It-is-so Sutra

written by "Jai", an imaginary individual, and

fortunate student of "Nome", disciple of

Sri Bhagavan Ramana Maharshi who

for all practical purposes was / is

the Absolute Reality, Brahman,

appearing as a Tamil Sage.


The single Non-Dual Absolute Reality, Brahman alone exists as Existence, infinitely conscious as Consciousness, consisting of complete happiness as Bliss itself.  Time, Space individuals / things are illusory.


From the perspective of the apparent individual, "it will all work out" as Enlightenment, Liberation, Self-Realization.  Such may not seem easy or quick, but spiritual practice will hasten the process that can last one or many life-times, each a repeating "dream" with evolving destiny, with ups and downs determined by self-made Karma.  Spiritual practice can take many forms, some blended, others simple, more or less direct, more or less preliminary or "final".  One role of a Realized Guru lies in guidance in all this, while the seeker experiments with details whatever works.


Again, from the perspective of the apparent individual, simplifying one's life in accord with what is Good / Wise yields better spiritual growth than themes that are Bad / Foolish.  Identifying with Ego I, Mind, Body, in a World is Foolish.  Finding out, as direct experience and conviction, "Who am I ?" is identical with Realization that oneself, that all is Brahman alone.


On the spiritual path, the Good can include the obvious moralities of  relieving suffering, and of not causing suffering.  This can range from ordinary kindness and love through more distributed group responsibilities like refraining from exploitation, group greed, violence, war, any selfish unfairness, and not supporting other creatures, the environment, and fragile climate.  Be they illusory entities like ourselves, yet all creatures deserve well-being.  Besides being opposed to the Good and thus the Wise, all such Bad hardens attachment to and mis-identification with the false Ego, the source of all personal suffering.


The ultimate Good, that is God is, according to Ramana Maharshi, "as real as you are" and thus is transcended only with loss of Ego mis-identification.  Transitional terms like Meister Eckhart's "God-head", the Buddha-Mind, Tao, and Brahman-with-characteristics are even less dualistic.  Ultimately, all definitions, all that is objective is to be transcended.  Some traditions begin with surrender of the Ego to and devotional love toward God, and some combine such with Non-Dual Self-Inquiry until the very last.  Devotion likewise arises toward the Guru along with faith in his/her teachings.


Self-Knowledge by fathoming the Self-Inquiry "Who am I ?" completes true self-identification with the one true Self, Atman, non-different from Reality, Brahman undifferentiated, formless, pure Existence-Consciousness-Bliss ever the case in a timeless, spaceless, dimensionless Absolute Reality.


One analogy to compare the levels of illusory mis-identification, as in the hierarchy: Ego, Mind, Body, and World could be an arithmetic analogy.  A full "100%" dis-identification from Ego individuality could be equivalent to "100%" Liberation / Enlightenment.  By a roughly linear proportion, some 50% of the one could be 50% of the other.  A similar arithmetic analogy applied to mis-identification with Mind might commence with a rating of constituent Thoughts according to just how "binding" they are.  Such include the "Bad" as described in commandments, "deadly sins", and comparable schemes in Buddhism and other traditions.  On sequence of decreasingly binding Concepts could be Ego > Mind > Body > World.  Removing key Concepts carries more weight, marks greater progress than less significant ones.  Less fundamental mis-identifications could be gender, ethnic national, and political identity, age, "race"  > socio-economic status and possessions  >  historical era, an so on.  Less weight accrues to less fundamental Concepts. Targeting the more binding ones like Ego, Mind, and Body is "Wise" but all opportunities to lose binding Concepts is well-advised in that such progress weakens their support of more binding Concepts and all binding Concepts represent the one and only cause of true Suffering.  The Buddha enumerated categories of Suffering  (not simply pain as such) as getting what you don't want, not getting what you want, and even getting what you want because we sense that desired things are in Time and do not last.


Ego-loss is the ultimate goal of Self-Inquiry, but dis-identification with the Mind / Body is almost a proximate guarantee. This dis-identification with Body represents a tipping point toward total inevitable Liberation. Some do not attain dis-identification with the World prior to dis-identification with the Body, but the World too must be relinquished. The terms of all of this analogy may not be found in the all records of spiritual progress, and even some of this essay's analytical philosophical approach may not mark the spiritual practice of many or most on the spiritual path. 


Beyond God, seeking the "un-qualified" Brahman "with-out characteristics" is the meaning of India's Advaita Vedanta.  Some traditions, included or even began exclusively with a "qualified" Brahman "with characteristics" or God, the Creator. Ramana taught on multiple levels for multiple audiences. When asked whether God is real, Ramana would say: "as real as you."  In the prior millennium, Ramana Maharshi supported the practice of Surrender and Devotion to God, but most notably held Advaita Vedanta's Self-Inquiry to be the necessary "final practice".  The same could be said of Sri Shankara in the even prior millennium. Following one's strengths and the Guru's guidance serve to delineates the structure of one's meditation practice. Such is Wise. That broad scope and the Guru's exceeding Karmic bliss often mark such a "world teacher." Regardless of an apparently less blissful Karma, however, every Liberated disciple is identical with the Guru, with Brahman. In part,  the highest teachings were initially left as "secret" until the listener was prepared to take it in with a fresh newness.  On the other hand, so-called "western vedanta" is sometimes a premature prattling of verbal assertions "before" the listener is capable, or sufficiently unburdened from concepts.  It might also be noted that the historically-absent "Jesus" may have "actually" (within the limits of the waking-dream) been Apollonius of Tyana. Aside from the New Testament's partially faithful rendition, virtually all of his teachings were burned at the ancient Library of Alexandria, along with those of his own inspirations that include probable sages like Parmenides, Pythogorus, and Hermes Trismagistus.  Yet still we are blessed with "you and I are One," "overcome the World" and so on.  Even the Old Testament has those few proclamations like "I am Existence (that I am) and "Be still and know that Existence (I am) is God."


In between, "qualified" Brahman "with characteristics" and "un-qualified" Non-Dual Brahman "with-out characteristics", some addressed a less anthropomorphic God such as Meister Eckhart's "God-head" or the Tao of Lao Tse. Some dozen major cultures have supported Enlightenment practice through the ages but the majority of current examples now appears in Westernized and other societies inspired by Indian Vedanta, and to a less common extent: Southern Chinese Ch'an Buddhism though such flourished in the past, with the expect changes in terminology.  Furthermore, the ancient promise is that no spiritual progress is ever lost.  Running out of time this lifetimedream leads to commencing again in a future lifetimedream, or illusory reincarnation.


Some centuries ago, the Anglican bishop George Berkeley followed the lead of Rene Descartes and reasoned that the World could never be directly known.  At best we experience those thoughts known as Sense Percepts and other thoughts about these.  It is unclear, however, whether Berkeley saw his Body and indeed very Individuality as based in Sense Percepts.  Nagarjuna, founder of Madhyamaka Buddhism did seem to complete that conclusion.  One helpful strategy toward dis-identification with the World and Sense Percepts could be the examination of the SubjectObject in terms of "reference".  To this some rare-to-find attention can be given here as a Contemplation supportive of more direct Meditation and ultimately dis-identification with the tipping-point of the Body concept, as well as Senses and the World.  To overcome the conceptual "logjam" of Time, Space, and an external World.


We can return again to Rene Descartes and his two dimensional (2D) "graph".  A simpler starting point could be that integer/positive xy valued graph we call a "map".  In fact Descartes' Graph derived from Greek longitude "verticals" and latitude "horizontals" and the fishing net grids before that. 


We imagine W-E horizontal streets crossed in a rectangular array by S-N vertical avenues, with (0th Av, 0th St) a starting intersection point in the lower left corner (somewhat like Manhattan, NY, NY).  Coursing along 0th Av to the East, we successively pass (0th Av, 1st St), (0th Av, 2nd St), and so on.  Coursing along 0th St to the North, we successively pass (1st Av, 0th St), (2nd Av, 0th St), and so on.  Consider then a slightly further out point (2nd Av, 3rd St). Without additional geographical knowledge, we do not yet know where (2nd Av, 3rd St) is. 


But should we assume geographical knowledge for (0th Av, 0th St) or simply (0,0) on an xy Graph, then in or by "reference" to that standard (0,0) "origin" we can claim to know where (2nd Av, 3rd St) or (2,3) seems to be.  Given a location for the (0,0) Origin, we simply extrapolate 2 street blocks East along 0th St; and then in our imagination continue 3 avenue blocks North along 3rd St to our mental destination (2, 3) with borrowed "reference" with respect to the (0,0) Origin. In an analogous manner, of the Origin, (0,0) where like our primal Ego-notion "I", then a thought Concept or Percept would take on borrowed meaning with "respect" to that Ego Origin (0,0).  But then again, our information about (2,3) is only, at most, as valid as the Ego Origin (0,0) itself.


The point of this scenario is to display the "borrowed" reality of (2,3) by a "reference" assumption.  So it is for all Concepts and Percepts regarding the World and so on, all resting on the validity of the dualistic Reference process subsequent to unfounded assumption of real "knowledge" about the primal Ego-notion "I" Origin.  Without the arithmetic or the Vedanta-like terminology, Berkeley and Nagarjuna came to a similar conclusion that Concepts and Percepts, and thus the World and the Mind, have no self-established reality, while the Ego-notion "I" Origin is assumed with no support, even though it seems "strengthened" by the Concepts arising from it.  Thus, no basis for a World, or an Ego is found.


If I view a "chair" for instance, I assume a 3-D object with a specific form.  But each view or image of that chair is taken from a specific direction and distance, and further qualified, all only for an instant, that is: by momentary information of the viewer Percept.  If asked to imagine a chair, that Ego"I" Origin might visualize some slightly aerial view, perhaps from on side or the other.  These instantaneous Percepts or Concepts do not a real Object make, do not a real World see.  Every moment furnishes the Seer with another View, (an likewise with the other Sense and the Mind), every Seer views only his own World images.  All these are Contemplations but they support Meditations and then Realizations, especially regarding the unreal World. The Body consists of World-stuff, matter, and that Body is the Origin Reference for much of the Mind functions, and for the Ego which in turn is a reference, notably for binding Concepts.  Questioning "Who am I ?" (not mere repletion but deep subjective fathoming) yields Liberation from the idea that there ever is an EgoIndividual.